568 SACRED MONKEY OF THE HINDUS CHAP.
inevitable, carefully tears the latter, that its captors may not
profit by it. The species of this genus are most abundant on
the west coast of Africa. It is interesting that one species,
G. kirki, is limited to the Island of Zanzibar, where, however, it
is nearly extinct.
The " Holy Apes," or Langurs, genus Semnopithecus, are allied
to the last, but they are Asiatic in range. The thumb is better
developed, but still shorter than in other Cercopithecidae; the
callosities are small, and the cheek pouches are absent. There is
a single large laryngeal sac, and the stomach is complex.
This genus is, like the Tiger, often quoted as an example of a
race supposed to be characteristically tropical, existing habitually
in the coldest climate. A species of Sem,nopithecus has been
observed climbing snow-laden branches at a height of 11,000
feet in the Himalayas. There are some thirty species, which
extend as far east as Borneo.
The name Semnopithecus is derived from the fact that
the Hanuman is regarded as sacred by the Hindus. The best-
FIG. 271.—Entellus Monkey or Hanuman.
known species of Sewinopitliecus is this I/angur or Hanuman,
& entellus. Being regarded as a sacred animal, and with the
advantage thus gained, it has become a fell nuisance in gardens
aiad to crops. Though the veneration with which the Hindoos
regard these animals will not allow them to slay .them, they are
exceedingly thankful to a European who will enable them to